Question: What Factors Can Affect Nutrition And Hydration?

What factors affect protein requirement?

Two lifestyle factors with the most influence over muscle mass are nutrition and exercise/physical activity.

The metabolic regulation of muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and breakdown (MPB), i.e., net muscle protein balance (NBAL), determines changes in muscle mass..

What factors affect Ageing?

The most notable exogenous factors influencing degree of aging were sun exposure and smoking. Other possibly contributory lifestyle factors include alcohol consumption, stress, diet, exercise, disease, and medication.

What nutrients do older adults need?

As we get older our bodies have different needs, so certain nutrients become especially important for good health.Calcium and Vitamin D. Older adults need more calcium and vitamin D to help maintain bone health. … Vitamin B12. … Dietary Fiber. … Potassium. … Know Your Fats.

How much water should a 70 kg female drink?

Body Weight Your weight dictates your body’s daily water requirement to a significant extent. The more your weigh, the more water you need to drink. For instance, a healthy person, weighing in at 70 kg and measuring 5 feet 10 inches would be required to drink around 2 litres of water each day.

What factors affect hydration?

Various environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, radiation, and atmospheric pressure affect mainly sweating and urinary water loss, while physical exercise affects, in addition, increased respiratory water loss from the increased expiratory volume and frequency of breathing.

What 4 environmental factors affects how much water a person needs?

You might need to modify your total fluid intake based on several factors:Exercise. If you do any activity that makes you sweat, you need to drink extra water to cover the fluid loss. … Environment. Hot or humid weather can make you sweat and requires additional fluid. … Overall health. … Pregnancy and breast-feeding.

What is the first symptom of water loss from the body?

Two early signs of dehydration are thirst and dark-coloured urine. This is the body’s way of trying to increase water intake and decrease water loss. Other symptoms may include: dizziness or light-headedness.

What are the factors affecting health?

To a large extent, factors such as where we live, the state of our environment, genetics, our income and education level, and our relationships with friends and family all have considerable impacts on health, whereas the more commonly considered factors such as access and use of health care services often have less of …

What factors can damage or reduce vitamins in food?

6 Factors That Affect Absorption of Vitamins & Minerals Dietary fat. Fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins that can be dissolved in fat and these include vitamins A, D, E, and vitamin K. … Cooking techniques. … Vitamins/minerals that work together. … Phytates and tannins. … Health conditions and lifestyle factors. … Vitamins/minerals that act against each other.

Does coffee count as water?

Juices and sports drinks are also hydrating — you can lower the sugar content by diluting them with water. Coffee and tea also count in your tally. Many used to believe that they were dehydrating, but that myth has been debunked. The diuretic effect does not offset hydration.

How much water should you drink per hour?

If you’re wondering how much water you should drink on those occasions, speak with your doctor, but a general rule of thumb for healthy people is to drink two to three cups of water per hour, or more if you’re sweating heavily.

What organs are affected by dehydration?

The skin, muscles, kidneys, brain, and cardiovascular system may all suffer from the effects of dehydration.

What factors affect your nutritional needs?

Biological factors include age, gender, growth, disease states, and genetic makeup. Among the nonbiological factors, socio-economic status is the most important. Poverty is one of the major socio-economic causes of variation in nutrient intake, and it also impacts nutrient requirements.

What factors affect the nutrition of older adults?

Changes in taste, smell and appetite generally decline with age, making it more difficult to enjoy eating and keep regular eating habits. Illness. Disease-related inflammation and illnesses can contribute to declines in appetite and changes in how the body processes nutrients. Impairment in ability to eat.

How does the body respond to prevent dehydration?

The body’s initial responses to dehydration are thirst to increase water intake, and decreased urine output to try to conserve water loss. The urine will become concentrated and more yellow in color. As the level of water loss increases, more symptoms can become apparent.

What 4 factors are included in your environment?

Environmental factors include temperature, food, pollutants, population density, sound, light, and parasites. The diversity of environmental stresses that have been shown to cause an increase in asymmetry is probably not exclusive; many other kinds of stress might provide similar effects.

What are the 10 healthy eating tips?

Plate power – 10 tips for healthy eatingChoose good carbs, not no carbs. … Pay attention to the protein package. … Choose foods with healthy fats, limit foods high in saturated fat, and avoid foods with trans fat. … Choose a fiber-filled diet, rich in whole grains, vegetables, and fruits.Eat more vegetables and fruits. … Calcium is important.More items…•

How do I know if I’m hydrated enough?

A simple way to gauge your level of hydration is to pay attention to the color of your urine. If your urine is very dark and has a strong odor, you are definitely dehydrated and should increase your water intake. If your urine is completely clear, you are likely drinking too much.

What factors affect people’s eating habits?

Attitudes, beliefs and knowledge about food.Biological determinants such as hunger, appetite, and taste. … Economic determinants such as cost and income. … Physical determinants such as access, education, skills and time. … Social determinants such as social class, culture, and social context.More items…

What factors do energy and nutrient requirements depend on?

Energy requirements are related to age, gender, body size and level of activity. Energy requirements tend to increase up to the age of 15-18 years. On average, boys have slightly higher requirements than girls and this persists throughout adulthood.

How can I hydrate my body quickly?

If you’re worried about your or someone else’s hydration status, here are the 5 best ways to rehydrate quickly.Water. While it likely comes as no surprise, drinking water is most often the best and cheapest way to stay hydrated and rehydrate. … Coffee and tea. … Skim and low fat milk. … 4. Fruits and vegetables.

What factors influence energy needs?

However, daily energy requirements vary widely from one individual to the next. This is due to factors such as sex, body size, bodyweight, climate and physical activity levels. Energy is obtained, from the food and drink we consume, by oxidation of carbohydrate, fat, protein and alcohol, known as macronutrients.

What factors affect energy?

In our experience, here are the top ten factors that can influence the price of energy:Supply. … Demand. … Gas Storage. … Weather Forecasts. … Generation Changes. … Global Markets. … Imports and Exports. … Government Regulation.More items…•

What factors affect your energy requirements?

Gender, age and body weight are the main determinants of total energy expenditure. Thus, energy requirements are presented separately for each gender and various age groups, and are expressed both as energy units per day and energy per kilogram of body weight.