How Do You Deal With Medication Errors?

What is considered a medication error?

A medication error is defined as “any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or patient harm while the medication is in the control of the healthcare professional, patient, or consumer,” according to the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention..

How often do medication errors occur?

There are approximately 1.25 million annual medication errors in the U.S. (U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bar Code Label Requirements for Human Drug Products and Biological Products; Final Rule, 2004).

How do medication errors affect patients?

While it could be the result of systemic issues or plain human error, medication errors can cause severe physical injury and possible death to patients. These preventable mistakes could also cause severe financial, psychological, and emotional stress to the healthcare provider and organisation.

How do you investigate medication errors?

The major methods for detecting medication errors and associated adverse drug-related events are chart review, computerized monitoring, administrative databases, and claims data, using direct observation, incident reporting, and patient monitoring. All of these methods have both advantages and limitations.

What are examples of medication errors?

Types of Medication ErrorsPrescribing.Omission.Wrong time.Unauthorized drug.Improper dose.Wrong dose prescription/wrong dose preparation.Administration errors including the incorrect route of administration, giving the drug to the wrong patient, extra dose or wrong rate.More items…•

What are the main causes of medication errors?

The most common causes of medication errors are:Poor communication between your doctors.Poor communication between you and your doctors.Drug names that sound alike and medications that look alike.Medical abbreviations.

How can medication errors be prevented?

10 Strategies for Preventing Medication ErrorsEnsure the five rights of medication administration. … Follow proper medication reconciliation procedures. … Double check—or even triple check—procedures. … Have the physician (or another nurse) read it back. … Consider using a name alert. … Place a zero in front of the decimal point. … Document everything.More items…•

What is a near miss medication error?

1. The Institute for Safe Medication Practices further defines a near miss as “any event or situation that didn’t produce patient injury, but only because of chance.”2 For reporting purposes, a near miss is considered an error, as is a medication error that doesn’t result in patient harm.

What are the most common types of medication dispensing errors?

The most frequent dispensing error types were dispensing wrong quantity (n=2,978, 59%), wrong strength (n=571, 11%), and wrong drug (n=554, 11%). 300 (11.5%) dispensing errors were observed from 2,620 observed doses. 43.3% missing dose, 25% dose added, and 13.3% omission.

What happens when a medication error occurs?

While medication errors still rank as the highest cause of medical error, The Joint Commission in 2013 6 reported that alarm fatigue is now a top safety concern and can result in injury and death to patients. A medical error is a preventable adverse care event that can result in patient harm or death.

What is the root cause of most medical errors?

Communication problems were found to be the most common root cause of medical errors. Miscommunications can occur anytime information is transferred between patient and provider or between the multitude of entities that compose a modern healthcare system.

How can you prevent medication errors at home?

Prevent Medication Errors at HomeMake a medication list. … Keep your medication list up-to-date. … Read labels carefully. … Follow dosing instructions exactly. … Store medications in their original containers. … Use a pillbox to organize medicines. … Use one pharmacy for all prescriptions.

What are the common prescription errors?

Illegible handwriting, look-alike drug names, counterfeit drugs, dangerous drug interactions, and nearly identical abbreviations for dosage directions (in handwriting, qn—”take at night”—can be mistaken for qh—”take hourly”): Three years after the Institute of Medicine warned that at least 1.5 million serious drug …

How do you deal with medical errors?

Five Ways to Respond to a Medical MistakeAcknowledge your mistake to the patient or family. This is what patients want, and it has the likelihood of decreasing the risk of litigation. … Discuss the situation with a trusted colleague. … Seek professional advice. … Review your successes and accomplishments in medicine. … Don’t forget basic self-care.

What are the top 5 medical errors?

What are the most common medical errors?Misdiagnosis. Error in diagnosis is a common medical error. … Delayed Diagnosis. A delayed diagnosis can be as detrimental as a misdiagnosis. … Medication Error. … Infection. … Bad medical devices.

Why do nurses not report medication errors?

Given the data in Table 3, the most important factors in refusal to report medication errors among the nurses under investigation are lack of recording system for medication errors and reporting them to hospital authorities, lack of appropriate feedback, and lack of a clear definition for medication errors, …